Bài tập về câu ghép trong tiếng Anh là phần bài tập rèn luyện ngữ pháp rất quan trọng. Bởi rất dễ gây nhầm lẫn cho người học. Chính vì vậy, trong bài viết này, mayphatdienvogia.com.vn sẽ giới thiệu đến bạn toàn bộ kiến thức về câu ghép cũng như bài tập áp dụng. Hãy cùng theo dõi các bạn nhé!
1. Định nghĩa
Câu ghép (Compound sentence) được cấu tạo bởi 2 hay nhiều mệnh đề độc lập (Independent clause). Các mệnh đề này thường được nối với nhau bởi liên từ (conjunction), có thể thêm dấu phẩy hoặc dấu chấm phẩy trước liên từ đó, hoặc các trạng từ nối.Mỗi 1 mệnh đề có tầm quan trọng và đều có thể đứng một mình.
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2. Các cách ghép câu trong tiếng Anh
Có 3 cách để có thể kết nối các mệnh đề độc lập thành câu ghép
Sử dụng 1 liên từ nối
Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis,butmy sister enjoys playing badminton.
Sử dụng một trạng từ nối
Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis;however, I hate playing badminton.
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Sử dụng dấu chấm phẩy (;)
Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis;I hate playing badminton
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2.1. Sử dụng các liên từ (conjunction)
Trong tiếng Anh, có 7 liên từ thường dùng để nối trong câu ghép bao gồm:for,and,nor,but,or,yet,so (hay còn gọi tắt làFANBOYS)
For: vìAnd: vàNor: (không)… lẫn….But: nhưngOr: hoặcYet: nhưngSo: vì vậy
Bài tập về câu ghép trong tiếng Anh
The Japanese eat a lot of rice, _____they eat lots of fish, too.I want to eat ice-cream, _____I have a sore throatYou should eat less fast food, _____you can put on weight.Americans often eat fast food, _____ many of them are overweight.You can walk, _____ you can ride a bike to get there.Bài tập 2: Combine sentences, using appropriate coordinating conjunction in the boxYou may have an allergy. Be careful with what you eat and drink. (so)Tom has a temperature. Tom has a sore throat. (and)I want to buy other car. I have no money. (but)It’s raining. I will stay at home and sleep. (so)I pass the test. My parents took me to the cinema. (therefore)I feel sleepy. I must finish the report. (however)His shoes are worn. He has no socks. (for)I wanted to buy a set of Lego. I started to save my money. (so)I enjoy visiting many different countries. I wouldn’t want to live overseas. (yet)I couldn’t go to your party. I was tired. (for)Nana is a vegetarian. She doesn’t eat meat. (so)My car is broken. I don’t have enough money to buy a new one. (but)Ogami passed her final test with a high score. Her parents took her to Hawaii as a gift. (therefore)I prefer cats. They are clean and quiet. (for)Tommy hates studying. He goes to school everyday. (yet)I feel tired. I need to finish my work. (however)The sky is clear. I can see many stars. (and)She doesn’t like vegetables. She doesn’t eat fruit. (nor)Paul has a three – week holiday. He has enough money to travel. (moreover)We are out of food. We should go to the supermarket and buy some things. (so)Bài tập 3: Nối hai câu riêng lẻ dưới đây thành một câuHe worked for a woman. She used to be an artist.They called a doctor. He lived nearby.I wrote an email to my sister. She lives in Italy.Linh liked the waiter. He was very friendly.We broke a car. It belonged to my uncle.Ba dropped a cup. It was new.Nam loves books. They have happy endings.Bài tập 4: Hoàn thành những câu sau vớiso, but, while, because, or, althoughI haven’t really studied for this exam, ……………….. I feel a little nervous.I told him not to come, ……………….. he came anyway.……………….. I was really tired, I took a nap for 15 minutes.……………….. she likes to play basketball, her favorite sport is tennis.……………….. it was really hot outside, I wore shorts.I was on time, ……………….. everyone else was late.Nadia doesn’t like to drive, ……………….. she takes the bus everywhere.Keep quiet ……………….. go out.I turned on the fan ……………….. the room was hot.Carol showed up for the meeting ……………….. I asked her not to be there.Bài tập 5: Những câu dưới đây là câu ghép hay câu phứcI can swim but my brother can’t do it.Jane brings an umbrella, for it is going to rain.The number of cars which were sold last year was 5,000.When he handed in his exercises, he forgot to give his teacher the last page.We will go to the cinema after we finish our homework.My students play tennis every morning.I can walk home or I will take a taxi.If I try to learn English now, I will have better opportunities in the future.She is good at Math; besides, she can speak 5 languages fluently.
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Bài tập 1
|1. and||2. so||3. but||4. or||5. or|
|6. and||7. but||8. for||9. so||10. or|
Bài tập 2You may have an allergy, so be careful with what you eat and drink.Tom has a temperature and a sore throat.I want other car but I have no money.It’s raining, so I’ll stay home and read.I passed the test; therefore, my parents took me to the circus.I feel sleepy; however, I must finish the report.His shoes are worn, for he has no socks.I wanted to buy a set of Lego, so I started to save my money.I enjoy visiting many different countries, yet I wouldn’t want to live overseas.I couldn’t go to your party, for I was tired.Nana is a vegetarian, so she doesn’t eat meat.My car is broken, but I don’t have enough money to buy a new one.Ogami passed her final test with a high score; therefore, her parents took her to Hawaii as a gift.I prefer cats, for they are clean and quiet.Tommy hates studying, yet he goes to school everyday.I feel tired; however, I need to finish my work.The sky is clear, and I can see many stars.She doesn’t like vegetables, nor she doesn’t eat fruit.Paul has a three – week holiday; moreover, he has enough money to travel.We are out of food, so we should go to the supermarket and buy some things.Bài tập 3
He worked for a woman who used to be an artist.
They called a doctor who lived nearby.I wrote an email to my sister who lives in Italy.Linh liked the waiter who was very friendly.We broke a car that belonged to my uncle.Ba dropped a cup which was new.Nam loves books that have happy endings.Bài tập 4
|1. so||2. but||3. Because||4. While||5. Because|
|6.but||7. so||8. or||9. because||10. although|
Bài tập 5I can swim but my brother can’t do it. (Câu ghép)Jane brings an umbrella, for it is going to rain. (Câu ghép)The number of cars which were sold last year was 5,000. (Câu phức)When he handed in his exercises, he forgot to give his teacher the last page. (Câu phức)We will go to the cinema after we finish our homework. (Câu phức)My students play tennis every morning. (Câu đơn)I can walk home or I will take a taxi. (Câu ghép)If I try to learn English now, I will have better opportunities in the future. (Câu phức)She is good at Math; besides, she can speak 5 languages fluently. (Câu ghép)
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